The Trial of Jesus: At the Palace of Caiaphas

Found in Matthew 26:57-68,27:1; Mark 14:53,55-65; Luke 22:54,63-71 and John 18:13-14,19-24

John 18:13-14 

They led Jesus away to Annas first; for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was the high priest that year. Now Caiaphas was he, who gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people. (John 11:49-51)

John 18:24 Now Annas had sent Jesus bound to Caiaphas the high priest.

Mark 14:55 And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none. For many bare false witness against him, but their witness did not agree together. 

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According to the law, two witnesses were required to put a man to death:


Deuteronomy 17:6 

At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of death be put to death; but at the mouth of one witness he shall not be put to death. 


Deuteronomy 19:15 

One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sins: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established. 

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Mark 14:56-59

And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, (Matthew says “at last there came two false witnesses”).

These witnesses: We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands. 
But neither did their witness agree together. 

Luke 22:63-66

And the men who held Jesus mocked him, and struck him. And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face.

The men who held Jesus: Prophesy, who is it that struck you? 

And they spoke many other things blasphemously against him. 

And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led Jesus into their council,

Mark 14:60-61

And the high priest stood up in the midst.

High priest: Do you answer nothing? What is it that these witness against you? 

But Jesus held his peace and answered nothing. 

High priest: Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? 

Luke 22:67-70

Jesus: If I tell you, you will not believe: And if I also ask you, you will not answer me, nor let me go. Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God. 

All: Are you then the Son of God? 

Jesus: You say that I am. 

According to Mark, Jesus said “I am.” (14:62)

Mark 14:63-65

Then the high priest rent his clothes. 

The high priest: What need we any further witnesses? You have heard the blasphemy: what do you think? 

And they all condemned him to be guilty of death. 

And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say to him: Prophesy.

And the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.

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Trail Timelne

When Jesus was arrested in the garden of Gethsemane, he was first taken to Annas and then to the high priest Caiaphas.

John 18:12-14 

12]Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,

13] and led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.

14] Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people. (Found in John 11:47-53, and again plotting to kill Jesus in Matthew 26:3-5)

John 18:24 

Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.

We are told in Luke 3:1-3 that Annas and Caiaphas were the high priests when John the Baptist began preaching and baptizing in the Jordan River, and Pontius Pilate was governor of Judaea at that time also.

All four gospels record that Jesus was led away to Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judaea, early in the morning, just after Peter denied him for the third time.

The chief priests wanted Jesus to die. But the Jews could not sentence anyone to death, the accused had to be brought before the Roman authorities. 

John 18:31

Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death: 

When Pilate heard Jesus was a Galilean, he sent Jesus to King Herod.

Luke 23:7 

And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time. 

But Herod sent Jesus back to Pilate. 

And Pilate sent Jesus to the cross to be crucified. 

Read about these events in detail. They begin in:

Matthew 26:47 

Mark 14:43 

Luke 22:47

John 18

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The Trial of Jesus : Brought Before Pilate

Matthew 27:2 (John 18:28) 

And when they had bound him, they (the whole multitude) led him away (from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment) and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor (and it was early). 

John 18:28-29

…and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but 

 29] Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?

Luke 23:2

And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.  

John 18:30

…If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee.

Matthew 27:11-14

11] And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.

12] And when he was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing.

13] Then said Pilate unto him, Hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee? 
 14] And he answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marveled greatly.

John 18:31-38 

 31] Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death: 
 32] That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should 

 33] Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art 

 34] Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me? 

35] Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee 

 36] Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not. 

37] Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice. 

 38] Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all (in this man – Luke 23:4).

Luke 23:5-12

5] And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Judaea, beginning from Galilee to this place.

6] When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Galilaean. 

 7] And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.

8] And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him; and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him.

9] Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing. 

 10] And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him. 

11] And Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate.

12] And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

Luke 23:13-16

13] And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, 

 14] Said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and, behold, I, having examined him before you, have found no fault in this man touching those things whereof ye accuse him:

15] No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done unto him. 

 16] I will therefore chastise him, and release him.

Matthew 27:15-25 

 15] Now at that feast the governor was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would.

16] And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas. 

 17] Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ? 

 18] For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.

19] When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him.

20] But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.

21] The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas.

22] Pilate (willing to release Jesus – Luke 23:20) saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ (whom ye call the King of the Jews – Mark 15:12)? They all say unto him, Let him be crucified.

23] And the governor said (the third time – Luke 23:22), Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more (exceedingly – Mark 15:14), saying, Let him be crucified.

24] When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it.

25] Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.

John 19:1

Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.

Matthew 27:27-30 

 27] Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall (called Praetorium – Mark 15:16), and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers.

28] And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe.

29] And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the
Jews!  

30] And they spit upon him, and took the reed and smote him on the head.

John 19:4-11

4] Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him.

5] Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man!

6] When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him.

7] The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made
himself the Son of God.  

8] When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid;

9] And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.

10] Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?

11] Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.

Matthew 27:31

…they (the soldiers – Matthew 27:27) took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him,  

John 19:12-16

12] And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar’s friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against
Caesar.  

13] When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.  

14] And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!

15] But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.

16] Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away (to crucify him – Matthew 27:31).

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Judas the Betrayer

What does the Bible tell us about Judas the betrayer?

Judas Iscariot was one of the twelve disciples. (Matthew 10:2-4)

Jesus gave Judas and the other disciples the power to heal sickness and cast out devils. (Mark 3:15-19)

Jesus called Judas “a devil.” (John 6:70-71)

Judas was upset when Mary of Bethany poured the expensive fragrant oil on Jesus to anoint him for burial. He said the oil could have been sold and the money given to the poor. (John 12:3-5,7)

Judas was not concerned about the poor. (John 12:6)

Judas was a thief. (John 12:6)

Judas was the keeper of the money. (John 12:6)

Satan entered Judas. (Luke 22:3)

Judas made a deal with the chief priests. He would deliver Jesus to them for 30 pieces of silver. (Matthew 26:14-15, Luke 22:4-6)

Judas looked for an opportunity to betray Jesus. (Matthew 26:16)

At the Last Supper, Jesus revealed that one of the twelve would betray him. (Matthew 26:20-25)

After the supper ended, the devil put into his heart to betray Jesus. (John 13:2)

Judas knew the garden where Jesus would go with his disciples. (John 18:2)

Judas led a multitude with swords and staves to Jesus. (Mark 14:3)

Judas betrayed Jesus with a kiss. He gave them a sign. The one that I kiss is Jesus. (Mark 14:44-45)

When he saw that Jesus was condemned, Judas repented himself, and brought the thirty pieces of silver back to the chief priests and elders… (vs 3) Judas tried to return the money to the chief priests. The chief priests would not take the money so Judas threw it down. (Matthew 27:3-5)

Judas hung himself. (Matthew 27:5)

He “burst asunder in the midst, and his bowels gushed out. (Acts 1:18)

The chief priests could not put “blood money” in the treasury, so they used it to purchase the potter’s field to bury strangers. It is called the “field of blood.” (Matthew 27:6-9, Acts 1:19)

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What will be Satan’s fate?

2 Thessalonians 2:8-9  
And then shall that Wicked (will) be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders.


Revelation 20:2-3  
And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, and cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.  


Revelation 20:7-10  
And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison and shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them. And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.


Matthew 25:41  
…Depart from me, you cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:

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What does the Bible tell us about Satan?

Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceives the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.

Revelation 12:4 And his tail drew the third part of the stars (angels) of heaven, and did cast them to the earth:

 

1 John 3:8

…for the devil sinned from the beginning…

 

In Luke 10:18 Jesus said, “I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.”

 

Isaiah 14:12-16

How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning!

how you are cut down to the ground, which did weaken the nations!

For you have said in your heart, I will ascend into heaven,

I will exalt my throne above the stars of God:

I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:

I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.

Yet you shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.

They that see you shall narrowly look on you, and consider you, saying,

Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;

 

Ezekiel 28:11-19

Moreover the word of the Lord came to me, saying, Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say to him, Thus says the Lord God;

You seal up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.

You have been in Eden the garden of God;

Every precious stone was your covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold:

The workmanship of your tabrets and of your pipes was prepared in you in the day that you were created.

You are the anointed cherub that covers; and I have set you so:

You were on the holy mountain of God;

You have walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.

You were perfect in your ways from the day that you were created, till iniquity was found in you. By the multitude of your merchandise they have filled the midst of you with violence, and you have sinned:

Therefore I will cast you as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy you, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.

Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty, you have corrupted your wisdom by reason of your brightness: I will cast you to the ground, I will lay you before kings, that they may behold you.

You have defiled your sanctuaries by the multitude of your iniquities, by the iniquity of your traffic; Therefore I will bring forth a fire from the midst of you, it shall devour you, and I will bring you to ashes on the earth in the sight of all them that behold you. All they that know you among the people shall be astonished at you: you shall be a terror, and you shall never be any more.

 

In Genesis 3:1-6 Satan tempts Eve.

Vs 13-15 …And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. And the Lord God said to the serpent, Because you have done this, you are cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; on your belly you shall go, and you shall eat dust all the days of your life: And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; it shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.

Acts 16:20 And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly.

In Job 1:6-12 and 2:1-7, we see Satan in the presence of the Lord.

Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan came also among them. (1:6 and again in 2:1) I God and Satan discussed Job. In 1:10 Satan says God has put a hedge (of protection) around Job. “Have you not made a hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he has on every side?”

Job 1:7 (and again in 2:2) is a revealing statement:

And the Lord said to Satan, Where do you come from? And Satan answered the Lord, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.

 

2 Peter 5:8

Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walks about, seeking whom he may devour:

 

Jude 1:9

Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke you.

 

1 Chronicles 21:1

And Satan stood up against Israel and provoked David to number (count HCSB) Israel.

 

Zechariah 3:1-2

And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him. And the Lord said to Satan, The Lord rebuke you, O Satan; even the Lord that has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you…

 

Hebrews 2:14

Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he (Christ) also took part of the same (became flesh); that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

 

We see Satan tempting Jesus in Matthew 4 and Luke 4

During this time, Satan shows Jesus “all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. And the devil said to him, All this power will I give you, and the glory of them: FOR THAT IS DELIVERED TO ME; AND TO WHOMEVER I WILL I GIVE IT.” Luke 4:5-6 (we don’t know if this is true since Satan is speaking, and we know that he is a liar.)

 

John 8:44

You are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father you will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.

 

However do we know that Satan is the “god of this world” for a season.

2 Corinthians 4:4

In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.

While tempting Jesus, the devil quoted scripture. Luke 4:9-11 (also Matthew 4:5-6) And he (the devil) brought him (Jesus) to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said to him, If you are the Son of God, cast yourself down from here: For it is written, He shall give his angels charge over you, to keep you: And in their hands, they shall bear you up, lest at any time you dash your foot against a stone.

 

Jesus told the parable of the sower in Mark 4:3-8. Shortly after, he explained the parable to the twelve apostles. (Mark 4:14-20) And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan comes immediately, and takes away the word that was sown in their hearts. Mark 4:15 (lest they should believe and be saved Luke 8:12)

 

In Matthew 13:37-39, Jesus explains the parable of the wheat and the tares.

…He that sows the good seed is the Son of man; The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; The enemy that sowed them is the devil;

In Luke 13:11-16, Jesus saw “a woman who had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift up herself.” He healed her. And “when the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because Jesus had healed on the sabbath day,” Jesus answered “…ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan has bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day?”

In Matthew 16:23, Jesus called Peter Satan, saying “Get behind me, Satan: you are an offence to me: for you savor not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.”

Later Jesus tells Peter, “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:” in Luke 22:31.

 

John 13:2

And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray him (Jesus);

 

In Acts 5:3 Peter said to Ananias, “why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land?”

 

In Acts 10:38 Peter speaks to Cornelius and his family and friends about “How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.”

In Acts 13:10 Paul said to Elymas the sorcerer, “O full of all subtilty and all mischief, you child of the devil, you enemy of all righteousness, will you not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord?”

In Acts 26:18 Paul told of his experience on the road to Damascus. Jesus told Paul, “unto whom (the Gentiles) now I send thee, To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me”

When writing of our need to forgive others, Paul wrote in 2 Corinthians 2:11, “Lest Satan should get an advantage of us: for we are not ignorant of his devices.”

In 1 Corinthian 7:5, Paul wrote to couples. “Defraud not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, that you may give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again, that Satan tempt you not for your incontinency.” Paul meant “Do not deprive one another sexually — except when you agree for a time, to devote yourselves to prayer. Then come together again; otherwise, Satan may tempt you because of your lack of self-control.” (HCSB)

 

2 Corinthians 1:11-12

For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.

 

In 2 Corinthians 12:7 Paul wrote, “And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure.”

In 1 Thessalonians 2:18 Paul wrote: …we would have come unto you, even I Paul, once and again; but Satan hindered us.

 

In the epistles we are given some instructions in regard to the devil.

Ephesians 4:27 Neither give place to the devil.

 

Ephesians 6:11,16

Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. …Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith you shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.

 

1 Timothy 3:6-7 regarding a bishop, Paul wrote:

Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil. Moreover he must have a good report of them which are outside the faith; lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil.

 

2 Timothy 2:25-26

In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God perhaps will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth; And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.

 

James 4:7

Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.

 

1 John 3:8,10

He that commits sin is of the devil; for the devil sinned from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. …In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whoever does not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loves not his brother.

 

In Revelation 12:10, Satan is called “the accuser of our brethren.”

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He Is Risen

Matthew 28:1-15, Mark 16:1-11, Luke 24:1-12 and John 20:1-18 

Mark 16:1-3

When the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint the body of Jesus.

Mark 16:9 tells us that Jesus “appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils.”

To the list of women present, Luke adds Joanna “and other women that were with them.” He says they brought “the spices which they had prepared.”

And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came to the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.

John says “while it was yet dark”

The women (among themselves): Who shall roll away the stone from the door of the sepulchre for us?

Matthew 28:2-4

And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat on it. His face was like lightning, and his garment white as snow: And the keepers did shake for fear of him and became as dead men.

Mark 16:4 And when the women looked, they saw that the stone was rolled away: for it was very great.

John 20:2

Then Mary Magdalene ran and came to Simon Peter and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved (John described himself in this way).

Mary Magdalene: They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we don’t know where they have laid him.

Matthew 28:5-7

Angel: Fear not: for I know that you seek Jesus, who was crucified. He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. And go quickly, and tell his disciples (Mark adds “and Peter”) that he is risen from the dead; and, behold, he goes before you into Galilee; there you shall see him: lo, I have told you.

Luke 24:3-8

And the women entered the sepulchre and did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. As they were much perplexed thereabout, two men stood by them in shining garments: And they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the earth.

Mark says, “they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were frightened.”

The two: Why do you seek the living among the dead? He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spoke to you when he was yet in Galilee, Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and rise again the third day.

And they remembered his words.

Matthew says, “And they departed quickly from the sepulchre with fear and great joy; and did run to bring his disciples word.”

Mark adds, “they did not say any thing to any man; for they were afraid.”

John 20:3-17

Peter and John therefore went forth and came to the tomb. They both ran together, but John outran Peter and came to the tomb first.

John, stooping down and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet he did not go in.

Then Simon Peter, following him, came and went into the tomb, and saw the linen clothes lie and the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself.

Luke tells us that Peter was “wondering in himself at that which was come to pass.

Then John, who came to the tomb first, went in also, and he saw, and believed.

For as yet they did not know the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.

Then the disciples went away again unto their own home.

But Mary Magdalene stood outside at the tomb weeping. As she wept, she stooped down and looked into the tomb and saw two angels in white sitting, the one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.

Angels: Woman, why do you weep?

Mary: Because they have taken away my Lord, and I don’t know where they have laid him.

And when she had said this, she turned herself back and saw Jesus standing there and didn’t know that it was Jesus.

Jesus: Woman, why do you weep? Whom do you seek?

Mary (supposing him to be the gardener): Sir, if you have carried him from here, tell me where you have laid him, and I will take him away.

Jesus: Mary.

Mary turned.

Mary: Rabboni (which is to say, Master).

Jesus: Do not touch me; for I have not yet ascended to my Father. Go to my brethren, and say to them, I ascend to my Father and your Father; and to my God and your God.

Matthew 28:9-15

And as the women went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them.

Jesus: All hail.

And they came and held him by the feet and worshipped him.

Jesus: Do not be afraid: go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shall they see me.

Now when they were going, behold, some of the watch came into the city, and showed to the chief priests all the things that were done. And when they were assembled with the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave large amounts money to the soldiers.

Chief priests: Say, His disciples came by night and stole him away while we slept. And if this comes to the governor’s ears, we will persuade him and secure you.

So the soldiers took the money, and did as they were told: and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day.

Luke 24:9-11

The women returned from the tomb, and told all these things to the eleven and to all the rest.

Mark adds, Mary “went and told them that had been with him, as they mourned and wept.”

It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, who told these things to the apostles.

And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they did not believed them.

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