Jesus Died On the Cross

Matthew 27:32-56, Mark 15:21-41, Luke 23:26-49 and John 19:17-37 

Luke 23:26-34  
As they led Jesus away, they laid hold on one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus.

Mark tells us that Simon is “the father of Alexander and Rufus.”

And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him.

Jesus (turning to them): Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck. Then they shall begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us. For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

Two malefactors were led with Jesus to be put to death. When they came to the place, which is called Calvary (John adds “the place of the skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha”), they crucified him and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

John says “and Jesus in the middle.”

Mark adds some details:

And it was the third hour.

And the scripture was fulfilled, which says, And he was numbered with the transgressors.

And they gave him wine mingled with myrrh to drink: but he received it not.

Jesus: Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.

John 19:19-24
Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross: JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. This title was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. It was read by many Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city.

The chief priests (to Pilate) Do not write, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.

Pilate: What I have written I have written.

When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part. Jesus also had a coat which had no seam, woven from the top throughout.

The soldiers (among themselves): Let’s not tear the coat but cast lots for it to decide whose it shall be.

That the scripture might be fulfilled, which says, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. (Psalms 22:18)

Therefore the soldiers did these things.

Matthew adds, “And sitting down they watched him there.”

Mark 15:29-31  
Those who passed by railed on him, shaking their heads.

Those who passed: Ah, you who destroys the temple and builds it in three days, save yourself, and (“if you are the Son of God” – Matthew) come down from the cross.

Luke adds, “And the people stood beholding.”

The chief priests also mocked Jesus among themselves with the scribes (Matthew adds, “and elders”).

The chief priests: He saved others; he cannot save himself.

Luke says “let him save himself, if he is Christ, the chosen of God.”

Matthew 27:42-43  

The chief priests (continued): If he is (“Christ” – Mark) the King of Israel, let him come down from the cross now, and we will believe him. He trusted in God; let God deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God.  

John 19:25-27  
There stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas and Mary Magdalene.

Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing by.

Jesus (to his mother): Woman, behold your son!

Jesus (to the disciple): Behold your mother!

And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.

Luke 23:36-37  
The soldiers also mocked Jesus, coming to him and offering him vinegar.

The soldiers: If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself.

Luke 23:39-43  
And one of the malefactors who were hanged railed on him, saying, If you are Christ, save yourself and us.

The other malefactors (rebuked): Don’t you fear God, seeing you are in the same condemnation? And we indeed are condemned justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man has done nothing amiss.

Only Luke records the difference in the attitude of the two. Matthew says the thieves who were crucified with Jesus cast the same in his teeth. Mark says they who were crucified with Jesus reviled him.

The second (to Jesus): Lord, remember me when you come into your kingdom.

Jesus: Truly, today you shall be with me in paradise.

Matthew 27:45-49 
There was darkness over all the land from the sixth hour to the ninth hour. And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice. 

Jesus: Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?

(that is to say, My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?)

Some of them who stood there heard Jesus speak.

Those who heard: This man calls for Elijah.

One of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink.

The rest: Let be, let us see whether Elijah will come to save him.

John 19:28-30  
Jesus knew that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled.

Jesus: I thirst.

Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth.

Jesus received the vinegar.

Jesus: It is finished.

Luke 23:46  
Jesus cried with a loud voice.

Jesus: Father, into your hands I commend my spirit.

Having said this, Jesus (“bowed his head, and” – John) gave up the ghost.

Matthew 27:51-54 
And the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose and came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.

When the centurion (which stood over against him), and they who were with him watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly.

Centurion and those with him: Truly this was the Son of God.

Luke says “Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man.”

Luke 23:48-49  
And all the people who came together to that sight, beholding the things which were done, smote their breasts, and returned.

And all his acquaintance, and the women who followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things.

Mark 15:40-41  
Among the women was Mary Magdalene, (“and the mother of Zebedee’s children” – Matthew) and Mary the mother of James the less and of Joses, and Salome; (Who also, when he was in Galilee, followed him, and ministered to him;) and many other women who came up with him to Jerusalem.

John 19:31-37  
The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who was crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they did not break his legs.

But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and blood and water came out. And he that saw it bares record, and his record is true: and he knows that he speaks true, that you might believe. For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. (Psalm 34:20) And again another scripture says, They shall look on him whom they pierced. (Zechariah 12:10)

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Do You Love Me?

 John 21:15-25 

Many sermons have been taught about this passage.

Jesus dined with some of the disciples by the Sea of Galilee, eating fish and bread. After they had eaten, Jesus spoke to Simon Peter.

Jesus: Simon, son of Jonas, do you love me more than these? 

Peter: Yes, Lord; you know that I love you. 

Jesus: Feed my lambs. 

Jesus (the second time): Simon, son of Jonas, do you love me? 

Peter: Yes, Lord; you know that I love you. 

Jesus: Feed my sheep.

Jesus (the third time): Simon, son of Jonas, do you love me? 

Peter was grieved because Jesus said to him the third time, Do you love me? 

Peter: Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you. 

Jesus: Feed my sheep. Truly, when you were young, you dressed yourself, and walked where you would go: but when you shall be old, you shall stretch forth your hands and another shall dress you and carry you where you would not go.

This Jesus spoke, signifying by what death Peter should glorify God. 

Jesus: Follow me. 

Turning around, Peter saw John following, who had leaned on Jesus’ breast at the last supper and asked, Lord, who is he that betrays you? 

Peter (to Jesus): Lord, and what shall John do? 

Jesus: If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to you? Follow me. 

Then this saying went abroad among the brethren, that John should not die. Yet Jesus did not say to Peter, “He shall not die” but “If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to you?”

John is the disciple who testifies of these things and wrote these things: and we know that his testimony is true. 

And there are also many other things which Jesus did. If every one should be written, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.

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The Miracle of the Fish 

John 21:1-14 

Jesus showed himself again to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias.

The Sea of Tiberias is another name for the Sea of Galilee. 

Simon Peter, Thomas called Didymus, Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee and two other of his disciples were together there. 

Simon Peter: I go a fishing.

The other disciples (to Peter): We go with you also. 

They went forth and entered into a ship immediately; and that night they caught nothing. When the morning was come, Jesus stood on the shore, but the disciples did not know that it was Jesus. 

Jesus: Children, do you have any meat? 

The disciples: No. 

Jesus: Cast the net on the right side of the ship, and you shall find fish. 

They cast the net and now they were not able to draw it for the multitude of fishes. 

John (to Peter): It is the Lord. 

Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he put on his fisher’s coat (for he was naked) and cast himself into the sea. 

“Naked” may mean Peter’s chest was bare or merely that he didn’t have on his outer garment.

The other disciples came in a little ship dragging the net with fish. They were not far from land, about 100 yards.

As soon then as they came to land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid on it, and bread. 

Jesus: Bring of the fish which you have now caught.

Simon Peter went up and drew the net to land. The net was full of 153 great fish. For all there were so many, yet the net was not broken. 

Jesus: Come and dine. 

None of the disciples dared ask him, Who are you? knowing that it was the Lord. 

Then Jesus came and took bread and gave it to them, and fish also. 

This is the third time that Jesus showed himself to his disciples after he was risen from the dead.

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John 20:24-31. Thomas Did Not Believe (vs 24-29), The Purpose of John’s Gospel (vs 30-31) 

Thomas Did Not Believe (vs 24-29) 
Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with the other disciples when Jesus came. 

The other disciples (to Thomas): We have seen the Lord. 

Thomas: Except I shall see the print of the nails in his hands, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe. 

After eight days his disciples were inside again, and Thomas was with them.

Jesus came, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst. 

Jesus: Peace be to you. 

Jesus (to Thomas): Reach your finger here, and behold my hands; and reach your hand here, and thrust it into my side: and do not be faithless, but believing. 

Thomas: My Lord and my God. 

Jesus: Thomas, because you have seen me, you have believed: blessed are they who have not seen, and yet have believed. 

The Purpose of John’s Gospel (vs 30-31) 
And truly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: But these are written, that you might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you might have life through his name.

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The Apostles Saw Jesus

Mark 16:13-14, Luke 24:33-49 and John 20:19-23

Luke 24:33-35 

And the two, who spoke to Jesus on the road to Emmaus, rose up the same hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them. 

The two: The Lord is risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon.

And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread. 

Mark 16:13 They did not believe them. 

Luke 24:36-40 

And as they thus spoke, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them.

Jesus: Peace be to you. 

But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit. 

Jesus: Why are you troubled? And why do thoughts arise in your hearts? Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit does not have flesh and bones, as you see I have. 

And when he had spoken, he showed them his hands and his feet. 

Mark 16:14 And he upbraided them for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they did not believe them who had seen him after he was risen. 

John 20:20-23 

Then the disciples were glad, when they saw the Lord. 

Jesus: Peace be to you. As my Father has sent me, even so send I you. 

And when he had said this, he breathed on them. 

Jesus: Receive the Holy Ghost: Whose soever sins you remit, they are remitted to them; and whose soever sins you retain, they are retained.

Luke 24:41-49 

They did not yet believed for joy, and they wondered. 

Jesus: Have you any meat here?

And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish and of a honeycomb. 

And he took it and did eat before them. 

Jesus: These are the words which I spoke to you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. 

Then Jesus opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.

Jesus: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And you are witnesses of these things. And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry in the city of Jerusalem, until you are endued with power from on high.

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The Road to Emmaus

 Luke 24:13-32 
Two of them went that same day (that Jesus rose from the grave) to a village called Emmaus, which was about sixty furlongs from Jerusalem. (7 1/2 miles)

And they talked together of all these things which had happened. 

While they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near and went with them. But their eyes were holden that they should not know him. 

Jesus: What manner of communications are these that you have one to another, as you walk, and are sad? 

Cleopas: Are you a stranger in Jerusalem and have not known the things which have come to pass there in these days? 

Jesus: What things? 

Both: Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people, And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him. But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done. And certain women of our company, who were early at the tomb, made us astonished. And when they did not find his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive. And certain of them who were with us went to the tomb and found it even so as the women had said: but they did not see him. 

Jesus: O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken: Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?

And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded to them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself. 

And they drew near the village, where they went: and he made as though he would have gone further. But they constrained him. 

Both: Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. 

And he went in to tarry with them. As he sat at the table with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and broke, and gave to them.  

And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight. 

One to another: Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?

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