What happened today? Final week of Jesus’ ministry

Two days before – Wednesday – (13th)

Jesus taught in the temple each day during this week. (Luke 19:47) So again today, he went to the temple in the morning and taught.

The feast of the passover and of unleavened bread was in two days. The chief priests and the scribes wanted to take Jesus and put him to death. But they said, Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar of the people. (Mark 14:1-2)

In Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, Jesus sat at the meal. Martha served, Lazarus was one that sat at the table with Jesus. Mary came with an alabaster box containing a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed Jesus’ head and feet, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the fragrance of the ointment. (Mark 14:3, John 13:2-3)

Jesus said, she has done a good work for me… She has come beforehand to anoint my body for burial. (Mark 14:6,8)

This anointing was different from the one early in his ministry, recorded in Luke 7:36-50

Then Judas Iscariot went to the chief priests, to betray Jesus to them. And when they heard it, they were glad, and promised to give him thirty pieces of silver. And from that time Judas looked for an opportunity to betray Jesus. (Matthew 26:15-16, Mark 14:10-11)

The Lord’s Supper –

The Jewish days begin at sundown.

The passover lamb was killed at twilight on Wednesday, the 13th day of the first month Aviv, and the Passover meal was eaten after sundown on the 14th.

In the fourteenth day of the first month at evening is the Lord’s passover. (Leviticus 23:5)

Jesus ate the Passover supper with his disciples (Matthew 26:17-30)

Although the date had changed for the Jews, these events took place on Wednesday night.

Judas left to betray Jesus. (John 13:21-30) Judas knew Jesus planned to go to mount of Olives. (John 18:1-2)

After supper, they sung a hymn and went out into the mount of Olives (Matthew 26:30)

Jesus spoke to the eleven of many things: (John 13:31- chapter 16)

Chapter 13

A new commandment

Prediction of Peter’s denial

Chapter 14

The way, truth and light

He who has seen Me has seen the Father.

The promise of a Comforter

Jesus in us

My peace I give to you

Chapter 15

The true vine

Love and joy

The world’s hatred

Chapter 16

The work of the Holy Spirit

Sorrow will turn to joy

Jesus has overcome the world

The prayer in the garden of Gethsemane

In Chapter 17, Jesus prays. He prays for himself, his disciples and all believers

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On this Day: Final Week of Jesus’ Ministry

Three days before Passover feast- Tuesday – (12th) –

“In the morning” (Mark 11:20), Jesus and the twelve disciples travelled from Bethany to Jerusalem.

As they walked, they passed by the fig tree Jesus cursed yesterday. It was withered. Peter pointed it out to Jesus. Jesus told the disciples, with faith they could move mountains. (Mark 11:20-24)

During this final week of his life, Jesus taught in the temple each day. The chief priests and the scribes and the chief of the people were seeking to kill him, but they couldn’t find a way because all the people were very attentive to hear him. (Luke 19:47-48)

– Jesus was answered when his authority was questioned by chief priests, scribes and elders (Mark 11:27-33)

– Parable of the Wicked Tenants (Mark 12:1-12)

– Paying Taxes to Caesar (Mark 12:13-17)

– Marriage in the Resurrection (Mark 12:18-27)

– Greatest commandment (Mark 12:28-34)

– Being David’s son (Mark 12:35-37)

– Beware of the scribes (Mark 12:38-40)

Jesus sat across from the treasury and watched as people put money in it.

– The widow’s coin (Mark 12:41-44)

Jesus sat on the mount of Olives and spoke privately with Peter, James and John about signs of the end times.

– The Second Coming (Mark 13:1-37)

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Jesus was crucified this week!

Let’s follow him through this week. What has already happened to him so far?

Six days before Jesus was crucified – Saturday – (9th day of the first month Aviv) –

  • Six days before passover, Jesus arrived at Bethany (John 12:1), which is less than 2 miles from Jerusalem (John 11:18)

John tells us why Jesus arrived early. “The Passover of the Jews was near, and many went from the country up to Jerusalem before the Passover, to purify themselves.” (vs 55)

Five days before – (10th) – Palm Sunday – Triumphant Entry –

  • Jesus rode a donkey into Jerusalem. The people waved palm branches and shouted Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that comes in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest. (Mark 11:1-9)
  • Then he went into the temple. (Mark 11:10)
  • Since the hour was already late, when He had looked around at all things, he went out to Bethany with the twelve. (Mark 11:11)

What happened today?

Four days before – Monday – (11th) –

  • Now the next day, when they came out from Bethany, Jesus was hungry. (Mark 11:12)
  • He cursed the barren fig tree. (Mark 11:13-14)
  • He cleansed the temple (Mark 11:14-18) Matthew adds some details in Matthew 21:14-16. This was different from the time Jesus cleansed the temple at the beginning of his ministry in John 2:14-22.
  • He lodged in Bethany that evening (Mark 11:19)
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The Rich Man and the Beggar Named Lazarus

Luke 16:19-31

There was a rich man, who was clothed in purple and fine linen, and feasted lavishly every day.

And there was a beggar named Lazarus, who was laid at the rich man’s gate, full of sores, begging to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man’s table. And the dogs came and licked his sores.

The beggar died and was carried by the angels into Abraham’s bosom.

The rich man also died and was buried.

In Hell the rich man lift up his eyes, being in torments, and saw Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

The rich man: Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.

Abraham: Son, remember that in your lifetime, you received good things, and Lazarus received evil things: but now he is comforted, and you are tormented. Besides all this, there is a great gulf fixed between us and you, so that those who would pass from here to you cannot; and those, who would come from there, can not pass to us.

The rich man: I pray, father, that you would send Lazarus to my father’s house that he may testify to them lest they also come into this place of torment, for I have five brothers.

Abraham: They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.

The rich man: No, father Abraham: but if one went to them from the dead, they will repent.

Abraham: If they will not listen to Moses and the prophets, they will not be persuaded even if one rose from the dead.


In hell, the rich man:

— has eyes and can see.

— can reason that water will cool his tongue

–wants relief

remembers his life and family

recognizes Lazarus and Abraham

The word torment is used 4 times.

The rich man is “in this flame.”

Other things we know about Hell.

–It is a prepared place. (Matthew 25:41)

–Everlasting fire (Matthew 25:41), The fire is not quenched (Mark 9:44,46,48)

–outer darkness (Matthew 8:12, 22:13, 25:30) No light. In heaven God and the Lamb will be the light. (Revelation 21:33)

–There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. (Matthew 8:12, 22:13, 24:51, 25:30)

–The worm does not die. (Mark 9:44,46,48)

–Everlasting punishment (Matthew 25:46

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Martha and Mary

We are introduced to the sisters, Martha and Mary, in Luke 10:38-42.

Jesus entered a certain village (we find out later it was Bethany), and a certain woman named Martha welcomed Him into her house.

Martha had a sister called Mary, who sat at Jesus’ feet and heard His word. But Martha was distracted with much serving.

Martha: Lord, don’t You care that my sister has left me to serve alone? Tell her to help me.

Jesus: Martha, Martha, you are worried and troubled about many things. But one thing is needed, and Mary has chosen that good part, which will not be taken away from her.

We hear of them two other times.

In John 11, their brother Lazarus died, and Jesus raised him from the dead.

In John 12, Jesus was at a supper a day or two before he was crucified (Matthew 26:2). Martha was again serving, and Lazarus was at the table with Jesus. Mary was again at the feet of Jesus. She anointed his feet with an expensive fragrant ointment and wiped them with her hair. Jesus said she did this to prepare his body for burial.

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Moses and Jesus

At the end of Genesis, Joseph brought his father, brothers and their families to Egypt because of the famine. Joseph was about 40 years old at that time, and he lived to be 110 (Genesis 50:26). But then years passed and Joseph was forgotten, and the Egyptians made the Israelites their slaves.

After 400 years of slavery (Genesis 15:13), God provided a deliverer. Moses spent 40 years in the palace of pharaoh (Acts 7:23) and 40 years as a shepherd in Midian (Acts 7:30). Then God spoke to him from a burning bush and sent him to Egypt to free the Israelites from slavery (Exodus 3-4).

Moses is a picture of Christ. Moses delivered the people from physical bondage in Egypt, and Christ delivers us from the spiritual bondage of sin.

The law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. (John 1:17)

If you want to read more about Moses and Jesus, here are a few passages.

A new covenant in Christ (2 Corinthians 3:7-18)

Jesus is greater than Moses (Hebrews 3:1-6)

Salvation through faith in Christ, not through obeying the law (Romans 3:1-11)

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Jesus: The week before the crucifixion

What was going on during the week before the crucifixion?

John tells us in chapter 11 that “the Passover of the Jews was near, and many went from the country up to Jerusalem before the Passover, to purify themselves.” (vs 55)

Chapter 12 starts by letting us know that Jesus also went early.

Six days before the passover Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, who had been dead, whom he raised from the dead. (John 12:1 )

Jesus entered Jerusalem on the next day (John 12:12)

That’s what is called the “triumphant entry.” You know the scene: Jesus on the donkey and the people cheering and putting garments and palm branches down in his path. Shouts of Hosanna.

That evening Jesus …went out of the city (Jerusalem) into Bethany; and he lodged there. (Matt 21:17)

Bethany was near Jerusalem, about fifteen furlongs off. (John 11:18) A furlong is 1/8 of a mile, so Bethany was less than 2 miles from Jerusalem.

Now in the morning as he returned into the city… (Matthew 21:18)

and he taught daily in the temple. (Luke 19:47)

Jesus taught daily in the temple. The chief priests and the scribes and the chief of the people sought to destroy him, And could not find what they might do: for all the people were very attentive to hear him. (Luke 19:47-48)

Jesus stayed in Bethany at least two nights then stayed at the mount of Olives.

And in the day time he was teaching in the temple; and at night he went out, and abode in the mount that is called the mount of Olives. And all the people came early in the morning to him in the temple, to hear him. (Luke 21:37-38)

….on one of those days,…Jesus taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel… (Luke 20:1) Wow I never noticed that, he preached the gospel.

And as Jesus sat on the mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately… Matthew 24:3

Two days before the Passover (Matthew 26), they made a supper for Jesus in Bethany, and many came. Lazarus sat with Jesus, Martha served and Mary anointed his feet with expensive, fragrant oil and wiped them with her hair. Jesus said she did this for his burial. (John 12:2-8)

Then Jesus ate the Passover supper with his disciples (Matthew 26:17-30), and Judas left to betray Jesus (John 13:21-30).

After the Lord’s Supper, “when they had sung a hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives.” (Matthew 26:30)

Judas knew Jesus planned to go to the Garden of Gethsemane on the Mount of Olives (John 18:1-2). It was there that Jesus prayed (Matthew 26:36-46). It was there that Judas brought the “”great crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and elders of the people” to arrest Jesus (Matthew 26:47-56). His hurried trial took place during the night and early morning. And he was crucified that day.

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