John 20:24-31. Thomas Did Not Believe (vs 24-29), The Purpose of John’s Gospel (vs 30-31) 

Thomas Did Not Believe (vs 24-29) 
Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with the other disciples when Jesus came. 

The other disciples (to Thomas): We have seen the Lord. 

Thomas: Except I shall see the print of the nails in his hands, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe. 

After eight days his disciples were inside again, and Thomas was with them.

Jesus came, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst. 

Jesus: Peace be to you. 

Jesus (to Thomas): Reach your finger here, and behold my hands; and reach your hand here, and thrust it into my side: and do not be faithless, but believing. 

Thomas: My Lord and my God. 

Jesus: Thomas, because you have seen me, you have believed: blessed are they who have not seen, and yet have believed. 

The Purpose of John’s Gospel (vs 30-31) 
And truly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: But these are written, that you might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you might have life through his name.

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The Apostles Saw Jesus

Mark 16:13-14, Luke 24:33-49 and John 20:19-23

Luke 24:33-35 

And the two, who spoke to Jesus on the road to Emmaus, rose up the same hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them. 

The two: The Lord is risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon.

And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread. 

Mark 16:13 They did not believe them. 

Luke 24:36-40 

And as they thus spoke, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them.

Jesus: Peace be to you. 

But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit. 

Jesus: Why are you troubled? And why do thoughts arise in your hearts? Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit does not have flesh and bones, as you see I have. 

And when he had spoken, he showed them his hands and his feet. 

Mark 16:14 And he upbraided them for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they did not believe them who had seen him after he was risen. 

John 20:20-23 

Then the disciples were glad, when they saw the Lord. 

Jesus: Peace be to you. As my Father has sent me, even so send I you. 

And when he had said this, he breathed on them. 

Jesus: Receive the Holy Ghost: Whose soever sins you remit, they are remitted to them; and whose soever sins you retain, they are retained.

Luke 24:41-49 

They did not yet believed for joy, and they wondered. 

Jesus: Have you any meat here?

And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish and of a honeycomb. 

And he took it and did eat before them. 

Jesus: These are the words which I spoke to you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. 

Then Jesus opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.

Jesus: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And you are witnesses of these things. And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry in the city of Jerusalem, until you are endued with power from on high.

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The Road to Emmaus

 Luke 24:13-32 
Two of them went that same day (that Jesus rose from the grave) to a village called Emmaus, which was about sixty furlongs from Jerusalem. (7 1/2 miles)

And they talked together of all these things which had happened. 

While they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near and went with them. But their eyes were holden that they should not know him. 

Jesus: What manner of communications are these that you have one to another, as you walk, and are sad? 

Cleopas: Are you a stranger in Jerusalem and have not known the things which have come to pass there in these days? 

Jesus: What things? 

Both: Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people, And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him. But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done. And certain women of our company, who were early at the tomb, made us astonished. And when they did not find his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive. And certain of them who were with us went to the tomb and found it even so as the women had said: but they did not see him. 

Jesus: O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken: Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?

And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded to them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself. 

And they drew near the village, where they went: and he made as though he would have gone further. But they constrained him. 

Both: Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. 

And he went in to tarry with them. As he sat at the table with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and broke, and gave to them.  

And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight. 

One to another: Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?

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Burial of Jesus

Found in Matthew 27:57-66, Mark 15:42-47, Luke 23:50-56 and John 19:38-42

Luke 23:50-51 

There was a man named Joseph, a counsellor. He was a good and just man. (Joseph had not consented to the counsel and deed they had done). He was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews. He also waited for the kingdom of God. 

Mark 15:42 When evening was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, 

John 19:38 Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus. 

Mark says Joseph “went in boldly to Pilate and craved the body of Jesus.”

Mark 15:44-46

Pilate marveled that Jesus was already dead. Calling to him the centurion, he asked the centurion whether Jesus had been dead any while. And when he knew it of the centurion, Pilate gave the body to Joseph. 

And he bought a fine linen.

John 19:39-40 

And there came also Nicodemus, who at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds in weight. 

Then Joseph and Nicodemus took the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. 

Matthew 27:60 And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock (wherein never man before was laid – Luke): and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed. 

Mark 15:47 And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses (sitting over against the sepulchre – Matthew) beheld where he was laid. 

Luke 23:54 And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on. 

Matthew 27:62-66 

Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate. 

Chief priests and Pharisees: Sir, we remember what that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. Therefore command that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say to the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first. 

Pilate: You have a watch: go your way, make it as sure as ye can. 

So they went and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone and setting a watch.

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Mary Magdalene and the Women, Peter and John 

Matthew 28:9-15, Mark 16:9-11, Luke 24:9-12 and John 20:3-18

Mary Magdalene just told Peter and John, “They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we know not where they have laid him.”

John 20:3-17 

Peter and John therefore went forth and came to the tomb. They both ran together, but John outran Peter and came to the tomb first. 

John, stooping down and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet he did not go in. 

Then Simon Peter, following him, came and went into the tomb, and saw the linen clothes lie and the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself.

Luke tells us that Peter was “wondering in himself at that which was come to pass.

Then John, who came to the tomb first, went in also, and he saw, and believed. 

For as yet they did not know the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead. 

Then the disciples went away again unto their own home. 

But Mary Magdalene stood outside at the tomb weeping. As she wept, she stooped down and looked into the tomb and saw two angels in white sitting, the one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain. 

Angels: Woman, why do you weep? 

Mary: Because they have taken away my Lord, and I don’t know where they have laid him. 

And when she had said this, she turned herself back and saw Jesus standing there and didn’t know that it was Jesus. 

Jesus: Woman, why do you weep? Whom do you seek? 

Mary (supposing him to be the gardener): Sir, if you have carried him from here, tell me where you have laid him, and I will take him away. 

Jesus: Mary. 

Mary turned.

Mary: Rabboni (which is to say, Master).

Jesus: Do not touch me; for I have not yet ascended to my Father. Go to my brethren, and say to them, I ascend to my Father and your Father; and to my God and your God. 

Matthew 28:9-15 
And as the women went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them.

Jesus: All hail. 

And they came and held him by the feet and worshipped him. 

Jesus: Do not be afraid: go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shall they see me. 

Now when they were going, behold, some of the watch came into the city, and showed to the chief priests all the things that were done. And when they were assembled with the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave large amounts money to the soldiers.

Chief priests: Say, His disciples came by night and stole him away while we slept. And if this comes to the governor’s ears, we will persuade him and secure you. 

So the soldiers took the money, and did as they were told: and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day. 

Luke 24:9-11 

The women returned from the tomb, and told all these things to the eleven and to all the rest.

 Mark adds, Mary “went and told them that had been with him, as they mourned and wept.”

It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, who told these things to the apostles.

And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they did not believed them.

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He is Risen

Matthew 28:1-8, Mark 16:1-8, Luke 24:1-8 and John 20:1-2

Mark 16:1-3 
When the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint the body of Jesus. 

Mark 16:9 tells us that Jesus “appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils.”

To the list of women present, Luke adds Joanna “and other women that were with them.” He says they brought “the spices which they had prepared.”

And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came to the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.

John says “while it was yet dark”

The women (among themselves): Who shall roll away the stone from the door of the sepulchre for us?

Matthew 28:2-4 

And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat on it. His face was like lightning, and his garment white as snow: And the keepers did shake for fear of him and became as dead men. 

Mark 16:4 And when the women looked, they saw that the stone was rolled away: for it was very great. 

John 20:2 

Then Mary Magdalene ran and came to Simon Peter and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved (John described himself in this way).

Mary Magdalene: They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we don’t know where they have laid him. 

Matthew 28:5-7 

Angel: Fear not: for I know that you seek Jesus, who was crucified. He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. And go quickly, and tell his disciples (Mark adds “and Peter”) that he is risen from the dead; and, behold, he goes before you into Galilee; there you shall see him: lo, I have told you. 

Luke 24:3-8 

And the women entered the sepulchre and did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. As they were much perplexed thereabout, two men stood by them in shining garments: And they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the earth. 

Mark says, “they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were frightened.”

The two: Why do you seek the living among the dead? He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spoke to you when he was yet in Galilee, Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and rise again the third day. 

And they remembered his words.

Matthew says, “And they departed quickly from the sepulchre with fear and great joy; and did run to bring his disciples word.”

Mark adds, “they did not say any thing to any man; for they were afraid.”

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Seven Things Jesus Said on the Cross

  • Luke 23:34  

Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.

  • John 19:26-27 

Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing by.

Jesus (to his mother): Woman, behold your son! 

Jesus (to the disciple): Behold your mother! 

And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.

  • Luke 23:42-43 

When one of the malefactors said, Lord, remember me when you come into your kingdom. 

Jesus: Truly, today you shall be with me in paradise.

  • Matthew 27:46 (also found in Mark 15:34)

Jesus: Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? 

(that is to say, My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?) 

  • John 19:28-30 (Jesus says two things in this passage.)

Jesus knew that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled. 

Jesus: I thirst. 

Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth. 

Jesus received the vinegar. 

Jesus: It is finished.

  • Luke 23:46 

Jesus cried with a loud voice, Father, into your hands I commend my spirit. 

Having said this, Jesus gave up the ghost.

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