David and Goliath

David and Goliath
with Life Applications
1 Samuel 17

vs 3 Valley of Elah
Goliath – 9 feet tall, coat of mail weighed 120lb, spear head 15lb

Vs. 4-7 Goliath’s challenge
Vs. 8-10 Choose a man. Let him come down to me.
If he kills me, the Philistine army will be your servants.
If I kill him, the Israelite army will be our servants.

King Saul and all of the Israelite army heard this challenge morning and evening for forty days
(vs. 16) and they were greatly afraid.

Jesse had eight sons. The three oldest were in the Israelite army.
David was at home with his father. He kept his father’s sheep in Bethlehem.

Vs. 17 David’s father sent him to the army to his brothers.
Instructions from David’s father
Vs. 17-18 Go over to the camp.
Take your brothers some parched corn.
Take some cheese to their captain.
See how your brothers are doing and take their pledge.

Vs. 20 David did as his father commanded. He rose up early in the morning. He found his brothers. As he was talking to them, Goliath came forth and issued his challenge and the men actually run away and are very afraid.

David asks, “Who is this man that he would defy the army of the living God?”

Material gain
In answer, the men tell David about the reward a man will receive if he should happen to defeat Goliath.

The king will give this man great riches.
The king will give this man his daughter to marry.
His family will be “free in Israel.”

Defensive – vs. 28 Eliab, David’s oldest brother got mad. “Why have you come? Who have you left the sheep with? I know your pride and the naughtiness of your heart. You just came here to see the battle.”

David’s response “What have I done now?”
“Is there not a cause?”

David turned away from his brother and asked the same question to another. He receives the same response about material rewards.

Vs. 31 then some of the men went to Saul and told him about the things David was saying. Saul sent for David.

David told Saul, “No one need be afraid because of Goliath. I will fight this Philistine.”
Saul said, “You can’t fight this man. You are but a youth. Goliath has been a man of war since his youth.”

Vs. 34 David says, “I was keeping my father’s sheep. There came a lion and a bear and took a lamb. I went after him and hit him and took the lamb out of his mouth, and I killed him.
Vs. 37 The Lord that delivered me from these, will deliver me from the Philistine.

Vs. 38 Saul took his own armor, helmet, chain mail, and sword and puts them on David. David tries to move around to try them. He told Saul, I can’t go with these. I haven’t used these things before. I’m not comfortable with them.

Vs. 40 David took the weapons he was familiar with: his staff, 5 stones, a sling

Vs 42-44 Goliath’s reaction when he sees David

Vs. 45-47 David’s reply to Goliath

Vs. 48-51 The battle

Vs. 52-54 After David kills Goliath, the Philistine army flees. Seeing that Goliath is dead, the Israelite army takes action and pursues the Philistine army.

Life Application

What are some of the giants in our lives?
Health problems

These giants can make us afraid. They can make us tremble and want to run away.

What is our motivation to overcome our giant?
Physical, material
Spiritual, for God’s glory

Will we let others distract us from our goal?

Will we use the weapons that the world supplies or will we trust in the Lord and let Him fight our battle?

When we defeat the giant, the enemy’s army will flee.

When we defeat the giant, others will become confident and join in the battle.


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