Jesus on the Cross

Matthew 27:32-44, Mark 15:21-32, Luke 23:26-43 and John 19:17-27

Luke 23:26-34 

As they led Jesus away, they laid hold on one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus. 

Mark tells us that Simon is “the father of Alexander and Rufus.”

And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him. 

Jesus (turning to them): Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck. Then they shall begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us. For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry? 

Two malefactors were led with Jesus to be put to death. When they came to the place, which is called Calvary (John adds “the place of the skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha”), they crucified him and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

John says “and Jesus in the middle.”

Mark adds some details:

  • And it was the third hour.
  • And the scripture was fulfilled, which says, And he was numbered with the transgressors. 
  • And they gave him wine mingled with myrrh to drink: but he received it not.

Jesus: Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. 

John 19:19-24 

Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross: JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. This title was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. It was read by many Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city.

The chief priests (to Pilate) Do not write, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews. 

Pilate: What I have written I have written. 

When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part. Jesus also had a coat which had no seam, woven from the top throughout. 

The soldiers (among themselves): Let’s not tear the coat but cast lots for it to decide whose it shall be.

That the scripture might be fulfilled, which says, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. (Psalms 22:18)

Therefore the soldiers did these things. 

Matthew adds, “And sitting down they watched him there.”

Mark 15:29-31 

Those who passed by railed on him, shaking their heads. 

Those who passed: Ah, you who destroys the temple and builds it in three days, save yourself, and (“if you are the Son of God” – Matthew) come down from the cross. 

Luke adds, “And the people stood beholding.”

The chief priests also mocked Jesus among themselves with the scribes (Matthew adds, “and elders”).

The chief priests: He saved others; he cannot save himself.

Luke says “let him save himself, if he is Christ, the chosen of God.”

Matthew 27:42-43 

The chief priests (continued): If he is (“Christ” – Mark) the King of Israel, let him come down from the cross now, and we will believe him. He trusted in God; let God deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God. 

John 19:25-27 

There stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas and Mary Magdalene. 

Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing by.

Jesus (to his mother): Woman, behold your son! 

Jesus (to the disciple): Behold your mother! 

And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.

Luke 23:36-37 

The soldiers also mocked Jesus, coming to him and offering him vinegar.

The soldiers: If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself. 

Luke 23:39-43 

And one of the malefactors who were hanged railed on him, saying, If you are Christ, save yourself and us. 

The other malefactors (rebuked): Don’t you fear God, seeing you are in the same condemnation? And we indeed are condemned justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man has done nothing amiss. 

Only Luke records the difference in the attitude of the two. Matthew says the thieves who were crucified with Jesus cast the same in his teeth. Mark says they who were crucified with Jesus reviled him.

The second (to Jesus): Lord, remember me when you come into your kingdom. 

Jesus: Truly, today you shall be with me in paradise.


About jennyf

I love God's Word.
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