Jesus Denounced the Scribes and Pharisees

Matthew 23:1-39 (Found only in Matthew except for a small portion restated in Mark 12:38-40 and Luke 20:45-47 and another in Luke 13:34-35)

Jesus spoke to the multitude and to his disciples.

Jesus: Since the scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat, observe and do whatever they bid you observe; but do not after their works: for they say, and do not. They bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.

They do all their works to be seen of men. They make their phylacteries broad and enlarge the borders of their garments. They love the uppermost rooms at feasts and the chief seats in the synagogues. They love greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.

But do not be called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; and you are all brethren.
And do not call any man on the earth your father: for one is your Father, who is in heaven.
Don’t allow yourselves to be called masters: for one is your Master, even Christ.

He who is greatest among you shall be your servant. Whoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he who shall humble himself shall be exalted.

Eight Woes:
1) Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! You shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for you neither go in yourselves, neither suffer them who are entering to go in.

2) Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! You devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayer: therefore you shall receive the greater damnation.

3) Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! You compass sea and land to make one convert, and when he is made, you make him twofold more the child of hell than yourselves.

4) Woe to you, blind guides, who say, Whoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor! And, whoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever swears by the gift that is on the altar, he is guilty.

You blind fools! Which is greater, the gold or the temple that sanctifies the gold? You blind fools! Which is greater, the gift or the altar that sanctifies the gift? Whoever therefore shall swear by the altar, swears by it, and by all things on it. And whoever shall swear by the temple, swears by it and by him who dwells in it. And he that shall swear by heaven, swears by the throne of God and by him who sits on it.

5) Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! You pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith. You ought to have done these and not leave the other undone. You blind guides, who strain at a gnat and swallow a camel.

6) Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! You make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but inside they are full of extortion and excess. You blind Pharisee, cleanse first that which is inside the cup and platter that the outside of them may be clean also.

7) Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! you are like whited tombs, which indeed appear beautiful on the outside but inside are full of dead men’s bones and of all uncleanness. You also outwardly appear righteous to men but inside you are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.

8) Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! You build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, saying, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets. Therefore you are witnesses to yourselves, that you are the children of them who killed the prophets. Fill up then the measure of your fathers. You serpents, you generation of vipers, how can you escape the damnation of hell?

Behold, I send to you prophets and wise men and scribes: and some of them you shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall you scourge in your synagogues and persecute them from city to city. That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom you slew between the temple and the altar. Truly, all these things shall come upon this generation.

O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kills the prophets, and stones them which are sent to you, how often would I have gathered your children together, even as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you would not! Behold, your house is left to you desolate. For you shall not see me henceforth, until you shall say, Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord.

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About jennyf

I love God's Word.
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