Laborers in the Vineyard – Matthew 20:1-16
For the kingdom of heaven is like a man who is a householder. He went out early in the morning to hire laborers into his vineyard.
When he had agreed with the laborers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
He went out about 9am, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace.
Householder: Go also into the vineyard, and whatever is right I will give you.
They went their way into the vineyard.
The householder went out and did likewise about noon and 3pm. About 5pm, he went out and found others standing idle.
Householder: Why do you stand here all the day idle?
The idle men: Because no man has hired us.
Householder: Go also into the vineyard; and whatever is right, that shall you receive.
When evening was come…
The lord of the vineyard (to his steward): Call the laborers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last to the first.
When they came who were hired about 5pm, they received every man a penny. When the first laborers came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny. And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house.
The first laborers: These last laborers have worked but one hour, and you have made them equal to us, who have borne the burden and heat of the day.
The lord of the vineyard (to one of them): Friend, I do you no wrong. Didn’t you agree with me for a penny? Take that which is yours, and go your way: I will give to these last, even as to you. Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with my own money? Is your eye evil, because I am good?
So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
In Matthew 20:17-19 Jesus foretold of his death the third time. If you are interested in the three times that Jesus foretold his death, search “death foretold.”
A Mother’s Request – Matthew 20:20-28
The mother of Zebedee’s children came to Jesus with her sons, James and John, worshipping him and desiring a certain thing of him.
Jesus: What is your will?
The mother: Grant that these my two sons may sit, the one on your right hand, and the other on the left, in your kingdom.
Mark says “in your glory.”
Jesus (to them): You don’t know what you ask. Are you able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?
James and John: We are able.
Jesus (to James and John): You shall indeed drink of my cup and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father.
When the ten heard it, they were moved with indignation against the two brethren.
Jesus (to the twelve): You know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them. But it shall not be so among you: but whoever will be great among you, let him be your minister. Whoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant.
Mark says “servant of all.”
Jesus (continued): Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
Mark also records this event in Mark 10:35-45. However, Mark doesn’t mention the presence of the mother; James and John make the request themselves.