The Bible tells of three times that Jesus foretold of his death to his disciples. This is the first time
Matthew 16:21-23 (Also found in Mark 8:31-33 and Luke 9:22)
From that time forth began Jesus to show to his disciples, how that he (the Son of man – Mark) must go to Jerusalem, (and be rejected – Mark) and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.
Peter (began to rebuke him): Be it far from you, Lord: this shall not be unto you.
Jesus (to Peter): Get thee behind me, Satan: you are an offense to me: for you savor not the things that are of God, but those that are of men.
The second time was after the transfiguration.
(Matthew 17:22-23, Mark 9:31-32 and Luke 9:43-45)
Jesus tells his disciples that:
The Son of man shall be delivered into the hands of men. Luke 9:44
And they shall kill him, and the third day he shall be raised again. Matthew 17:23
The third time was shortly before Jesus’ triumphant entry into Jerusalem.
Mark 10:32-34 (Also found in Matthew 20:17-19 and Luke 18:31-34)
They were traveling to Jerusalem; and Jesus went before them: and they were amazed; and as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again the twelve, and began to tell them what things should happen to him.
Jesus: Behold, we go up to Jerusalem (and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished, for – Luke) the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles:
And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him (crucify him – Matthew): and the third day he shall rise again.
And they understood none of these things: and this saying was hid from them, neither knew they the things which were spoken. (Luke 18:34)
Jesus did tell of his death another time. Not to his disciples, but to the Jews in the temple. Just before Jesus started his ministry, he cleansed the temple.
Jesus: Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.
Jews: Forty-six years was this temple in building, and will you rear it up in three days?
But Jesus spoke of the temple of his body.
When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this to them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said.
In Luke 24:5-8, the angels spoke to the women at the tomb. “Why do you seek the living among the dead? He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spoke to you when he was in Galilee, Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.” And they remembered his words.
The Old Testament also foretells the death and resurrection of Jesus.
- Psalm 22:16 For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.
- Psalm 22:18 They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.
- Psalm 69:21 They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
- Psalm 16:10 For you will not leave my soul in hell; neither will you suffer your Holy One to see corruption.
Found in Matthew 16:24-28, Mark 8:34-9:1 and Luke 9:23-27
Jesus called the people to him with his disciples also.
Jesus: Whoever will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross (daily – Luke), and follow me.
For whoever will save his life shall lose it; but whoever shall lose his life for my sake and the gospel’s, the same shall save it.
For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?
Or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?
For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works. (Matthew 16:27)
Whoever shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation; of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy angels. (Mark 8:38)
There are some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom. (Matthew 16:28)